History of St. Sebastian’s Church Cherukattoor

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History

St.Sebastian Church Cherukattor Geographically,7 km away from Manathavady town towards North, in the state of Kerala, South India. Regarding civil administration it belongs to Manathavady Corporation and Taluk. Ecclesiastically, it is an independent self sufficient and sovereign parish having not less than 1000 catholic families under the Archdiocese of Tellichery.

Important Milestones

Although cherukattor was very close to Manathavady town there was no much Christian population here. It was a part of Lourdes Cathedral parish and all the Liturgical needs of the people were administered by the parish priests of Lourdes cathedral. But the Christians of this locality very much felt the need of having an independent parish church and a parish priest of their own.

MILDSTONES

1951 The Parish committee decided to have an independent Parish
which started under the leadership of Rev. Fr. Thomas Ayillor
1957 Kappumchal to Enchimala road was developed
1958 The Parish got their own Vikar Rev. Fr.Francis Valayil during this stage 1960 The Parish House build up under the leadership Fr.Francis Valayil.
1971 Amalanagher chapel ( kurishu palli) developed 1975 Kappumchal chapel ( kurishu palli) was developed
1977 Started the construction of new church 1985 The new church Blessed By Bishop Jecob Thukuzhy
1989 Karimpumkunnu chapel ( kurishu palli) was developed 2001 Completed the construction of Parish house and celebrated church's Jubile.
2006 Kullivayal Mother Teresa chapel developed 2010 Cherukattor church modified
2013 Website Inaugurated By Mar Jose porunnedom in the presence
of Father George Therakam & Trustee Appachan Vellakuzhy.

FORMER VICARS

1. Rev. Fr. Thomas Ayilloor 1951 2. Rev. Fr. Siyoro 1951-55 3. Rev. Fr. Gorge Kayikkachallil 1954-55
4. Rev. Fr. Thomas Karigattil 1955-1958 5. Rev. Fr. Fransis Vallayil 1958-63 6. Rev. Fr. Thomas Pariyaram 1963-67
7. Rev. Fr. Thomas Pazhayaparambil 1967 8. Rev. Fr. G.C Tealar 1967-68 9. Rev. Fr. Mathayi Mannukkushubil 1968-71
10. Rev. Fr. Cyriyak Chemmazham 1971-76 11. Rev. Fr. Mathew Ellikkal 1976-82 12. Rev. Fr.Augustian Kannadikkara 1982-85
13. Rev. Fr.Mathew Kaddady 1985-86 14. Rev. Fr.Joseph Memana 1986-90 15. Rev. Fr.Mathew Kattaruth 1990-92
16. Rev. Fr.Joseph Kagirakattukunnel 1992-97 17. Rev. Fr.Liyopolse Madathinakath 1997-98 18. Rev. Fr.Joseph Nechikatte 1998-03
19. Rev. Fr.Jose Kulirani 2003-08 20. Rev. Fr.George Alluka 2008-12 21. Rev. Fr.George Therakam 2012

Life History of St. Sebastian

St. Sebastian was born in Narbonne, Gaul, around 257 and became a soldier in the Roman army around 283, a time of heavy Christian persecution under the Emperor Carinus. He encouraged two Christian men who were under sentence of death to remain firm in their faith. Sebastian was so convincing in his arguments that many converted, including the jailer and his wife. Hearing of miracles that Sebastian had performed, the prefect of Rome, Chromatius, sent for him and was himself converted along with his son. Chromatius released the prisoners, freed his own slaves, and resigned as prefect.
Diocletian became emperor soon after and, impressed by Sebastian’s courage and character, named him captain of the Praetorian Guard without being aware that Sebastian was a Christian. The following year, Diocletian went east to Constantinople and named Maximian as joint emperor in Rome, and Sebastian retained his prestigious position in the palace guard under Maximian.
In the year 286, persecution of the Christians became fiercer under the new emperors and some of Sebastian’s converts were martyred. Sebastian himself was discovered to be Christian, and impeached before the Emperor Diocletian who bitterly reproached him for his ingratitude. Sebastian was sentenced to be shot to death by archers. His body was pierced with arrows and he was left for dead. The widow of St. Castulus soon came to get his body for burial. She found Sebastian still alive, however and nursed him back to health. When he was fully recovered from his wounds, Sebastian refused to flee, but instead took up station one day in a place where Diocletian was to pass. When the emperor came by, Sebastian accosted him and the emperor could only listen.
When he recovered from his surprise, the emperor ordered Sebastian seized and beaten to death. And he was martyred about 288 in Rome and was buried along the Appian Way, near the present basilica of St. Sebastian, and he was venerated in Milan from the early fourth century on.According to tradition, Mark and Marcellian were twin brothers and were deacons. They were from a distinguished family and were both married, living in Rome with their wives and children. The brothers refused to sacrifice to the Roman gods and were arrested.
They were visited by their father and mother, Tranquillinus and Martia, in prison, who attempted to persuade them to renounce Christianity. Sebastian ended up converting Tranquillinus and Martia, as well as saint Tiburtius, the son of Chromatius, the local prefect. Nicostratus, another official, and his wife Zoe were also converted. It has been said that Zoe had been a mute for 6 years. However, she made known to Sebastian her desire to be converted to Christianity. As soon as she had, her speech returned to her.
Nicostratus then brought the rest of the prisoners; these 16 persons were also converted by Sebastian. Chromatius and Tiburtius converted; Chromatius set all of his prisoners free from jail, resigned his position, and retired to the country in Campania. Mark and Marcellian, after being concealed by a Christian named Castulus,were later martyred, as were Nicostratus, Zoe, and Tiburtius. Saint Sebastian was an early christian saint and martyr. who is said to have been killed during the Roman emperor Diocletian's.
persecution of Christians. He is commonly depicted in art and literature tied to a post or tree and shot with arrows. This is the most common artistic depiction of Sebastian; however, he was rescued and healed by Irene of Rome before criticising the Roman emperor before being clubbed to death. He is venerated in the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches. The details of Saint Sebastian's martyrdom were first spoken of by 4th century bishop Ambrose of Milan in his sermon on Psalm. Ambrose stated that Sebastian came from Milan and that he was already venerated there in the 4th century. Saint Sebastian is a popular male saint, especially among soldiers and athletes who often wear his medal or relics as a pious sacramenta.

Martyrdom

Diocletian reproached Sebastian for his supposed betrayal, and he commanded him to be led to a field and there to be bound to a stake to be shot at " And the archers shot at him till he was as full of arrows as an urchin leaving him there for dead. Miraculously, the arrows did not kill him. The widow of Castulus, Irene of Rome, went to retrieve his body to bury it, and found he was still alive. She brought him back to her house and nursed him back to health. The other residents of the house doubted he was a Christian. One of those was a girl who was blind. Sebastian asked her "Do you wish to be with God?", and made the sign of the Cross on her head. "Yes", she replied, and immediately regained her sight. Sebastian then stood on a step and harangued Diocletian as he passed by; the emperor had him beaten to death and his body thrown into a privy. But in an apparition Sebastian told a Christian widow where they might find his body undefiled and bury it " at the catacombs by the apostles."
Sebastian was also said to be a defense against the plague. The Golden Legend transmits the episode of a great plague that afflicted the Lombards Lombards in the time of King Gumburt, which was stopped by the erection of an altar in honor of Sebastian in the Church of Saint Peter in the Province of Pavia. Because Sebastian had been thought to have been killed by the arrows, and yet was not, and then later was killed by the same emperor who had ordered him shot, he is sometimes known as the saint who was martyred twice. St. Sebastian, having sent so many martyrs to heaven before him, was himself impeached before the Emperor Diocletian, who, having grievously reproached him with ingratitude, delivered him over to certain archers of Mauritania, to be shot to death. His body was covered with arrows, and he left for dead.
Irene, the widow of St. Castulus, going to bury him, found him still alive, and took him to her lodgings, where, by care, he recovered of his wounds, but refused to flee, and even placed himself one day by a staircase where the emperor was to pass, whom he first accosted, reproaching him for his unjust cruelties against the Christians. This freedom of speech, and from a person, too, whom he supposed to have been dead, greatly astonished the emperor; but, recovering from his surprise, he gave orders for his being seized and beat to death with cudgels, and his body thrown into the common sewer. A pious lady, called Lucina, admonished by the martyr in a vision, got it privately removed, and buried it in the catacombs at the entrance of the cemetery of Calixtus.
A church was afterwards built over his relics by Pope Damasus, which is one of the seven ancient stationary churches at Rome, but not one of the seven principal churches of that city, as some moderns mistake; it neither being one of the five patriarchal churches, nor one of the seventy-two old churches which give titles to cardinals. Vandelbert St. Ado, Eginard, Sigebert, and other contemporary authors relate that, in the reign of Louis Debonnair, Pope Eugenius II gave the body of St. Sebastian to Hilduin, Abbot of St. Denys, who brought it into France, and it was deposited at St. Medard's, at Soissons, on the 8th of December, in 826 With it is said to have been brought a considerable portion of the relics of St. Gregory the Great. The rich shrines of SS. Sebastian, Gregory, and Medard were plundered by the Calvinists in 1564, and the sacred bones thrown into a ditch, in which there was water. Upon the declaration of two eye-witnesses, they were afterwards found by the Catholics, and in 1578 enclosed in three new shrines, though the bones of the three saints could not be distinguished from each other.
The head of this martyr, which was given to St. Willibrord by Pope Sergius, is kept at Esternach, in the duchy of Luxemburg. Portions of his relics are shown in the cathedral at St. Victor's; the Theatins and Minims at Paris; in four churches at Mantua; at Malacca, Seville, Toulouse; Munich in the ducal palace; Tournay in the cathedral; Antwerp in the Church of the Jesuits; and at Brussels in the chapel of the court, not at St. Gudule's, as some have mistaken. St. Sebastian has been always honoured by the church as one of her most illustrious martyrs. We read in Paul the deacon in what manner, in the year 680, Rome was freed from a raging pestilence by the patronage of this saint. Milan in 1575, Lisbon in 1599, and other places, have experienced in like calamities the effects of his intercession with God in their behalf.


Trustee
      
Managing Committee
     
Appachan Vellakuzhy   Tomy Mulakara Varkery Turuthel Joy Nelledam Thomas Kurumbalakatt